Massachusetts Eviction Process

Are you a Massachusetts landlord facing the daunting task of evicting a tenant? Don’t worry, we’re here to help.

In this article, we’ll guide you through the Massachusetts eviction process step by step. From serving the eviction notice to attending court hearings and executing the judgment, we’ll provide you with all the information you need.

Whether you’re a seasoned landlord or new to the rental business, we’ll equip you with the knowledge to navigate the Massachusetts eviction process with confidence and ease.

Massachusetts Eviction Notice and Lawsuit Filing Process

To begin the eviction process, you, as the landlord, will need to serve the tenant with a seven- to 14-day Massachusetts eviction notice. This notice is a crucial step in the Massachusetts eviction process.

The state doesn’t specify the method of delivering the notice, so you have some flexibility in how you choose to serve it. The notice types you can use include a rent demand notice, a lease violation notice, or an unconditional notice to quit. If you choose to serve a rent demand notice, it must be accompanied by a repayment plan and legal information.

Once the eviction notice is served, you can proceed with filing an eviction lawsuit with the court. This involves filing a complaint in court, selecting the appropriate court, completing the Summary Process Summons and Complaint form, serving the tenant, and paying the entry fee.

Court Hearing and Judgment

Once you have filed an eviction lawsuit with the court, the next step in the Massachusetts eviction process is attending a court hearing where both the landlord and tenant present their cases to the judge.

During the hearing, both parties must bring all necessary documents and evidence to support their claims.

The judge carefully evaluates the arguments and evidence presented by both sides and then issues a judgment.

It’s important to note that either party has the right to appeal the judgment if they’re unsatisfied with the decision.

However, if the judgment isn’t appealed, both the landlord and tenant are required to comply with the requirements of the decision within five days.

This step is crucial in ensuring a fair and just resolution to the eviction process.

Tenant Removal Process

After the judgment is issued, you, as the landlord, will need to follow the tenant removal process in Massachusetts.

First, a writ of execution will be issued, which the sheriff will then post at the tenant’s residence. The tenant will have 48 hours to move out. The writ will include the sheriff’s signature, court information, and details about storage.

If the tenant wishes to avoid eviction, they can attempt to satisfy the money judgment. If the tenant fails to move out within the given time frame, the sheriff will execute the judgment and forcibly remove the tenant.

It’s important to note that the execution can only take place on non-holiday weekdays between 9am and 5pm. However, under certain circumstances, the tenant may request a stay of execution.

Storage rules for abandoned property are outlined in MGL 239 § 4.

Evicting a Squatter in Massachusetts

If a squatter is occupying your property in Massachusetts, you can evict them by following the necessary legal procedures. Squatters can be charged as criminal trespassers, but they may claim a right of possession under specific criteria. These criteria include hostile/adverse possession, actual residence, open and notorious living, exclusive possession, and continuous possession. If the squatters meet these criteria, they can file for adverse possession.

However, if the criteria aren’t met, you can remove the squatters through the eviction process. It’s important to understand the legal procedures and Massachusetts laws surrounding squatters to ensure a smooth eviction process. Hiring an eviction attorney is advised for a better understanding and guidance throughout the process.

Massachusetts Eviction Cost and Additional Considerations

To proceed with the eviction process in Massachusetts, it’s important to consider the cost involved and other additional factors. The cost of eviction can vary depending on the case and circumstances. In addition to the direct financial expenses, you must also consider other losses such as lost rent, time, and stress.

It’s crucial to understand that the duration of eviction cases can vary widely, so you need to be prepared for a potentially lengthy process. To navigate the process successfully, it’s advisable to hire an eviction attorney who can provide guidance and ensure a smoother process.

Moreover, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the official state government website, which provides step-by-step instructions on how to file an eviction case, as well as the various eviction forms and rules of civil procedure provided by Massachusetts courts. Keep in mind that local statutes may have additional requirements for landlords, so it’s essential to be well-informed about the specific laws and procedures in Massachusetts.


In conclusion, navigating the eviction process in Massachusetts can be challenging, but with the right knowledge and resources, landlords can successfully remove tenants and regain control of their property.

From serving an eviction notice to attending a court hearing and executing the judgment, understanding the steps involved is crucial.

Additionally, landlords should be aware of the specific considerations and costs involved in evictions, as well as the unique circumstances surrounding the eviction of squatters.

With confidence and ease, landlords can navigate the Massachusetts eviction process and achieve a successful outcome.

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